The Museo ng Kalinangang Pilipino (Museum of Philippine Culture) is an integrated humanities museum. It aims to promote greater understanding of Filipino culture through Philippine artistic and aesthetic traditions.
These Filipino traditions are front and center in Museo ng Kalinangang Pilipino’s permanent exhibit called Diwa: Buhay, Ritwal at Sining (Spirit: Life, Ritual and Art). Diwa: Buhay, Ritwal at Sining focuses on five major Filipino interactions: Buhay at Kamatayan (Life and Death), Kamag-anakan at Pamayanan (Kin and Community), Lupa (Land), Kaluwalhatian (Divinity) and Bayan (Nation). They are showcased in garments, recreations of religious rites and artifacts. Also, there are lifesize tableaux that depict various rituals and ceremonies that involve these interactions.
Diwa: Buhay, Ritwal at Sining (Spirit: Life, Ritual and Art) inside CCP Main Building
Facsimile copies of Jose Rizal’s Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo
Pasyon: Holy Week altar for chanting of the Pasiong Mahal, text recounting life and passion of Christ. On the altar are copy of Pasyong Mahal on twill woven rattan cloth, newsprint and Pasion Bicol and Kristo, wooden sculpture of crucified Christ.
Watawat (Flag), Samahan ng Tatlong Persona
Sunduk (Grave marker) of Badjao (Sulu)
Sunduk (Grave marker) of Tausug (Sulu)
Limestone Burial Jar of Kulaman (South Cotabato)
Pinilian Blanket with rice, mortar and grain design and joinery kukukuku (Fingernails) of Itned (Abra). This Pinilian blanket has handspun fiber with natural dye.
Tabi tubular garment of B’laab (Davao del Sure). It has abaca fiber and natural dyes. This tabi tubular garment is from around the first half of 20th century.
Awang ritual vessel of Maranao (Lanao del Sur)
Hagabi wooden ceremonial bench of the Ifugao.
Farm Implements doubling as musical instruments include kulintang kayu (wooden xylophone) of Yakan (Basilan), bangkakaw (musical instrument) and palupak (wooden clapper) of Manobo-Matigsalug (Bukidnon)
Abong-Abong Shrine, Holy Week Shrine of the Ilocanos. On the table are Stations of the Cross in Ilocano (Vigan, Ilocos Sur), Leksiyo, Solomon Gozosos and Libro Pacion of Ibannag (Tuguegarao, Cagayan).
The centerpiece of the Diwa exhibit.
Kunduq. Kunduq is a Palawanon game played by young and old on the night of a new moon. After chanting some prayers, the doll is believed to be inhabited by a spirit that answers questions on love and marriage, health, sickness, life and death, and hunting. The ritual is accompanied by music played on bamboo and wood stringed musical instruments called pagang and kusyapi, respectively.
Komedya of Peñaranda, Nueva Ecija
Pinaing Ritual for good harvest of Itneg (Abra)
Samba, healing and harvest ritual of Kiniray-a (Antique)
Subli of Bauan Batangas. In the left is a tugtugan (wooden drum) of Tagalog (South Batangas)
Bpagapel is a Maguindanawon healing rite performed with the kulintang (Maguindanao, Cotabato). On the foreground is kulintang (brass gong set). The performers of bpagapel wear malong (tubular garment), also from Maguindanao, Cotabato. Malong is made of silk with chemical dyes. The performer on the left wears a malong with repeating okir, inlaid weaving for design weft. The one next to her wears a malong with geometric, zigzag design for joineries and edges – possible tree of life, inlaid weaving.
Mag-Jinn, dance trance rite for healing of Badjao (Sulu).
Photo of men performing Mag-Jinn of Badjao (Sulu)
Pamulugu, healing and purification of Bagobo (Davao). The male image is wearing an abaca cloth upper garment, solao (trousers), brass earplugs of Manobo, brass, copper and silver Maranao belt, galang (shell bracelet) of Bagobo or Mandaya, brass and iron knife with scabbard of Manobo, babat (anklets) of Bagobo and tikus (anklets) of Bagobo.
Mak-Makang, ritual healing and divination. The leftmost image has beaded cloth G-string of Gaddang (Paracelis, Mt. Province) and cuton (male upper garment) of Gaddang (Paracelis, Mt. Province). The middle image wears dinonggas G-string of Gaddang (Paracelis, Mt. Province). The rightmost image wears aken (skirt), baruasi (female upper garment), tufut (pouch), bakuat (sash), karaweweng (necklace with beads, shells, plastic and metal stone), earrings with shells and beads, female feather headdress, handbands with beads, button and cloth, and headband with ling-ling-o, all of Gaddang (Paracelis, Mt. Province). On the foreground are gansa (flat gongs made of brass) of Kalinga (Kalinga, Apayao). On the background are dew-dew-as (bamboo and rattan panpipe) of Gaddang (Paracelis, Mt. Province) and clay jar of foreign origin.
Where: Museo ng Kalinangan Pilipino (Museum of Philippine Culture), 4th Floor, CCP Main Building, Pedro Bukaneg Street, CCP Complex, Manila
When: Museo ng Kalinangan Pilipino (Museum of Philippine Culture) is open from Tuesdays to Sundays, 10am to 6pm.
How: From Vito Cruz Station of LRT Line 1, walk to Pablo Ocampo Street. Turn right on Pablo Ocampo Street and walk straight. In 2-5 minutes, you will arrive at the jeepney station of orange jeepneys that will take you to the CCP Complex.
How much: Museo ng Kalinangan Pilipino (Museum of Philippine Culture) entrance fee: Students, P20 (US $ 0.44) and non-students, P30 (US $0.66).